Psychology

GENDER SYSTEM OF A PERSONALITY IN THE CONTEXT OF GENDER RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

Abstract: 

The present study evaluates the concept "the gender system of a personality" in the contemporary gender research. We also compare the meaning of the term in Russian psychology with the meaning of the gender concept existing in other countries. "Gender" is understood as a multi-meaning term. In Russian psychology "the gender system of a personality" is described as an intricate system including a sense of sex, one’s gender identity, an internalized sex (gender) role.

Key words: 

gender, gender system of personality, sense of sex, sexual identity, sex (gender) role.

FEATURES OF HARDINESS AND COPING-BEHAVIOUR IN A PERSON WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF READINESS FOR SELF-DEVELOPMENT

Abstract: 

The results of the empirical research of resilience and the strategy of overcoming difficult life situations on a sample of 203 students with different types of readiness for self-development are analyzed in the article. The qualitative characteristics of four groups of teachers with different levels of readiness for selfdevelopment are determined. It is shown, that resilience and productive coping-strategy act as conditions for self-development.

Key words: 

hardiness, commitment, control, challenge, coping, hardy coping, coping behavior.

THE PROBLEM OF DEFINITION OF THE CONCEPT "EVENT" IN PSYCHOLOGY

Abstract: 

The author of the article speculates on the crucial epistemological aspects of the concept "event". The main psychological branches in studying this concept are illustrated. The relations between concepts "event" and "situation" are discovered. 

Key words: 

event, situation.

THE MODEL OF BECOMING AN ACADEMIC RESEARCH ACTIVITY SUBJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY

Abstract: 

The article deals with the problem of the research culture development at the university. The model of the becoming a research activity subject discloses the entity, structure and components of students’ academic creativity. The original model has its practical application. Improvement of higher education quality directs to development of the creative personality due to the student’s research activity at the university.

Key words: 

research activity at the university, creative activity, creative abilities, stages and components of academic creativity.

THE GENDER ROLE SPECIFICITY OF THE PERSON’S WORLD IMAGE

Abstract: 

This article describes the interaction between the gender role identity and the world image. The author gives a theoretical foundation of the gender role identity problem in connection with the person’s world image. It is expected that the person’s world image has gender role specificity.

Key words: 

world image, gender role identity, self identity, norm, disorder.

GENDER FEATURES OF "SUCCESSFUL PERSONALITY" IMAGE AMONG WOMEN WITH DIFFERENT SOCIAL AND MENTAL ADAPTATION

Abstract: 

Gender features of "successful personality" image in correlation with various manifestations of psychical adaptation were studied among employed and involuntary unemployed women of "young" and "older" ages.

Key words: 

gender impressions, "successful personality" image, personal adaptation.

PHYCOPHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEM AND VARIANTS OF ITS SOLUTION

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the essence of a psychophysiological problem and possibilities of its solution within the framework of conceptions of linear determinism of psyche, psychophysiological parallelism, psychophysiological interaction and information conception. The author's variant of solution this problem is based on definition of psyche as the property of brain to provide possibility of reflection of features of the near future of the objective validity by the special organization of physiological processes. In the article the original system of symbolical notations of psychological and physiological processes and their interrelation is used.

Key words: 

psychophysiological problem, essence of psyche, interrelation of psychological and physiological processes.

THE SYSTEM APPROACH TO STUDING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF SUCCESS IN LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the problem of effectiveness of teaching not native languages and defining sys-tem components of success in the process of learning. As the main components of the model of success in learning foreign languages we distinguish the following: motivational, cognitive, emotional and personal. We disclose some psychological difficulties in teaching foreign languages caused by motivational, cognitive, emotional and personal factors.

Key words: 

success in learning foreign languages, speaking, abilities for learning foreign languages, motivation, psychological difficulties in teaching.

MECHANISMS AND FACTORS OF FORMING INNER PERSONAL GENDER ROLE CONFLICT

Abstract: 

The article deals with the notion of inner personal gender role conflict, its structure and mechanisms of its formation. The author presents the results of approbation of the diagnostic method, and describes the sex differences in the display of the conflict.

Key words: 

inner personal conflict, gender conflict, role conflict, feeling of guilt, compensatory behaviour.

THE SPECIFICITY OF RESEARCHING THE PHENOMENON OF ANTICIPATION IN SPEECH

Abstract: 

The author of the article gives the review of theories and approaches connected with the phenomenon of anticipation in speech. Concept content talkative prediction is being open. Psycholinguistic aspects of prediction in speech are examined. The author shows that anticipation in speech behaviour is one of the types of human behaviour in general.

Key words: 

verbal activity, prediction, theories, speaking behaviour, aspects of speech prediction, norm, pathology.

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