Petrosyan M.

The images of Aztec mythology in David Herbert Lawrence’s poetry

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the expressive and important layer of David Herbert Lawrence’s poetry. Having lived in Mexico for many years, he was attracted by its ancient culture and history of the progenitors of the modern Mexicans – the Aztecs. The features of Aztec culture, its mythological motifs and images were included in Lawrence’s poetry. Indian allusions are the keys to understanding the specifics of the poet's aesthetic attitudes. The aim of the work is to analyze the poems “Humming Bird” and “Snake” and to identify their main motifs and images that are allusions to the Indian mythology, revealing the author's cultural and philosophical views. By analyzing the poem “Humming Bird”, we established that the central image of a bird is a direct allusion to the Aztec god Huitzilopochtli, often called the “hummingbird of the south”. Huitzilopochtli is one of the most important deities of the Aztecs’ mythology who is associated with the Sun, the center of the Indian universe. The author gives the bird the divine power of awakening, of creating the world. He reinforces this allusion, given in the title of the poem. The image of an animal in the poem “Snake” refers us to another Aztec god – Quetzalcoatl or “a feathered serpent”. The image of the god embodies not only the motif of the Indian deity’s return, but also the Christian idea of the Second Coming of the Savior. The hero of the poem reflects the author's idea of the impossibility of accepting and comprehending god by modern man.

Key words: 

David Herbert Lawrence, poetry, Aztecs, mythological motifs, animal images.

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