Zhikhareva T.

Mythological allusions in W. S. Maugham’s novel “The Moon and Sixpence” as elements of the symbolic expression: The concept “creativity”

Abstract: 

In this article, an attempt is made to reveal, in the context of symbolism, mythological allusions in W. S. Maugham’s novel “The Moon and Sixpence”. The article determines how mythological allusions help the author to create such a multifaceted concept as “creativity”. To achieve the goal, we look at the symbols that the author of the novel uses to create the image of the artist and single out the ideas contained in these symbols. We trace how the image of the artist and creativity are related and the role that mythological allusions play in maintaining the creative idea. We believe that in the novel “The Moon and Sixpence”, the representation of creativity through the artist's image is inevitably connected with the irrational expression of creativity by F. Nietzsche in Zarathustra. This connection can be precisely traced through a mythological component, which is used by both authors. Also, the motif of the return to the original, which is clearly visible on the protagonist’s canvases, is consonant with the irrational motive of comprehending reality in M. Heidegger’s work “The Thing” (“Das Ding”). It is realized through the mythologization of concepts (Thing, Cup, Circle, the Inexpressible, etc.). In the novel by W. S. Maugham, like in the works by F. Nietzsche and M. Heidegger, creativity is directly connected with the creation of a myth, it presupposes the comprehension of some non-material essence of the world, hidden from other people.

Key words: 

myth, mythological allusions, mythologization, symbols, creation, irrational comprehension, essence of the world, non-material.

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