Shevechkova M.

On creating a motivational learning environment in the course of learning Russian as a foreign language in the Czech audience

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the creation of a student-centered learning environment when teaching Russian as a foreign language to Czech students. Of great importance in this case is the organization of a motivational stage in non-native language learning. This stage is based on the mechanisms, which enable us to include students’ subjective experience into their learning activities. We suggest using different methods for motivating activities in teaching grammar, vocabulary, style, syntax, speaking and other skills. The scientific novelty of the article is determined by new approaches in teaching Russian as a foreign language, primarily a subject-oriented approach. This allows us to build new “routes” in learning Russian as a foreign language using students’ personal experiences. We suggest doing exercises centered around the student's personality, their value fields and subjective representations. It makes possible to develop not only the skills of speaking and reading in a non-native language, but also to solve an educational task: to include the subject of instructions into the field of moral representations. The authors of the article suggest a number of techniques of a motivating nature that can be used at different stages of learning Russian as a foreign language: motivating questions; oral stories on the topic of the lesson, based on students’ own experience; blitz-survey on the topic of the lesson; associograms.

Key words: 

subjective experience, motivation, personal associations, methods for creating a motivational environment, personal and national factor.

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