Korneyeva T.

Educational Olympiads in the history of the Russian language and book printing

Abstract: 

Students are usually very interested in facts from the history of the Russian language and the origin and development of book printing in Russia and abroad. However, these topics are not available in school curricula and are not sufficiently represented in the traditional Russian Language Olympiads. The research problem consists in revealing new possibilities of the Russian Language Olympiads for intellectual and spiritual education of university students and schoolchildren, in the development of new ways, forms and methods for forming their cognitive competence and universal learning activities, in optimizing and improving scientific research activities for students of secondary and higher schools. The purpose of the research is to prove that it is necessary to study the history of the Russian language and the history of book printing at school and to hold specialized linguistic Olympiads in narrow linguistic topics in secondary and higher schools. The main results of the study include the following. We have proved that it is necessary to use intellectual competitions in the history of the Russian language and the history of book printing in the secondary and higher schools. We have analyzed the main competencies and universal learning activities that are formed and improved in the process of preparing students for Olympiads of this type. We have elaborated the concept and technology of the Olympiad in the history of the Russian language, the life and activities of the first printers Johannes Gutenberg and Ivan Fyodorov, the history of printing in Europe and Russia. We have revealed how additional work on in-depth learning of the linguistic disciplines of the historical cycle contributes to the intellectual development of university students and schoolchildren. We have proved that it is necessary to use such methods as historical commenting on the phonetic, lexical and morphological phenomena of the Russian language; acquaintance with the history of printing in Europe and Russia, studying the first printed books; acquaintance with the collection of ancient manuscripts and printed books from the N. I. Lobachevsky Academic Library in Kazan State University.

Key words: 

linguistics, Olympiad, history of the Russian language, printing, universal learning activities, cognitive competence.

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