UNIVERSAL SEMANTIC BASE OF CONTRASTIVE STUDY OF LEXICA

Abstract: 

In the paper the problem of universal semantic language is discussed in the context of optimizing the acquisition of the lexicon of Russian as a 2-nd language, that presupposes its comparison with the lexical system of one’s own language. Using the words denoting human character traits as an example we show, that for constructing such a metalanguage it is important not only to single out universal ontological concepts, but also to devise methods of analysis and modes of representation of lexical meanings, that have no clear ontological conceptual counterparts.

Key words: 

lexical meaning, contrastive description, semantic metalanguage, ontology, definition schemes, character traits’ nominations.

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