BULGARS: FROM TRIBE TO MEDIEVAL STATE

Abstract: 

The article is devoted to one of the most important aspects of the Volga-Bulgarian history –the formation of a state. The author proves that this process was slow –moving due to the conditions of subservience toтthe Khazarian qaganat. At the beginning of the X century A.D. the Bulgars, with ilteber Almush at their head, created the state which split into two emirates – Bulgarian and Suvarian in 940, the unification the state ensuing as a result of consolidation of power and the spread of Islam in the 80s of the 10th century.

Key words: 

Volga Bulgaria, Khazarian qaganat, ilteber Almush, Bulgarian and Suvarian emirates, socialpolitical formation, chivalry.

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