Comparative poetics of genres: I. S. Turgenev’s prose poem “What Am I Supposed to Think of?” and F. Amirkhan’s naser “Tagzia” (“Consolation”)

Abstract: 

The article analyzes the prose poem and naser, genres of Russian and Tatar literature, in a comparative aspect. The work aims to investigate their poetics, based on I. S. Turgenev’s work “What Am I Supposed to Think of?” and F. Amirkhan’s “Tagzia”, to find out the character of genre correlation in the context of various linguistic, artistic, and cultural traditions. We have found that the rhythm of Turgenev’s prose poem resembles the rhythm of a verse, it is mainly created by means of short stanzas (verses), which have a special composition. In contrast to I. S. Turgenev’s poem, long lines occupy a special place in the poetics of the naser “Consolation”, which can be explained by the history of Tatar poetry and prose (H. Usmanov, H. Kurbatov, etc.). Long lines are complete in their meanings, they make up a maxim or an aphoristic statement, conveying the rhythm of the character’s speech. The rhythm of F. Amirkhan’s naser corresponds to the rhythm of the Tatar folk song (“a sad song”). The melodic base of the “Consolation” is created by the means of frequent repetitions, anaphora, inversion, and rhymes of certain sentences. The article concludes that compared genres are unique, and their uniqueness is revealed, in an original way, in the dialogue of Russian classics and Tatar literature of the early 20th century.

Key words: 

genres comparison, poetics, naser, prose poem, rhythm, long lines, verse.

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