Shaping phraseological world-image in senior preschool children

Abstract: 

The topicality of the study is conditioned by the importance of adequate perception of phraseological units, correct understanding of their meaning and appropriate use in various communicative situations by preschool children. Phraseological units enter children’s life through daily routines and later through fiction. They are considered to be a means of enriching preschool children’s vocabulary, a means of familiarization with national culture. Being constants of national culture, phraseological units form a phraseological world-image.

Linguistic and cultorological notes enable young readers to develop conscious understanding of phraseological units, to use them consciously and actively in speech and expand their horizons. Linguistic and cultorological notes follow a certain algorithm comprising three types of components: encyclopaedic (cross-cultural), historical and etymological information as well as the explication of the cultural meaning of a phraseological unit. The article gives a comprehensive understanding of a phraseological unit and considers the mechanisms of shaping a phraseological image against the broad cultural and historical background. The inner form participates in the formation of a phraseological unit. The image of the inner form is a source of semantic motivation and cultural connotation of a phraseological unit. Special attention is paid to the study of the inner form of a phraseological unit as it translates cultural connotations. The study interprets the image of phraseological units used in children’s fiction and explains their prototypes. Linguistic and cultorological notes help to reconstruct fragments of a phraseological world-image: history, culture, the image of people’s life, i.e. it accumulates a national outlook.

Key words: 

phraseological unit, image of a phraseological unit, prototype situation, linguistic and cultorological notes, phraseological world-image, national culture, fiction.

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