Semantic and derivational peculiarities of substantives-occasionalisms in the space of fictional text (based on V. Makanin’s novel “Asan”)


The article studies the phenomenon of occasionality in the modern Russian language, namely, derivational and semantic peculiarities of occasional substances. It contains the linguistic analysis of their functions and their role in the construction of the individual authorial linguistic worldview in the novel “Asan” by Vladimir Makanin. It is proved that the occasional formation is the result of improvisation based on established patterns. The analysis of the language material shows that the main methods of Russian word production are used in the formation of occasional substantives. We identify word-formation types in each way of word derivation. It is noted that in V. Makanin’s fictional discourse, suffixation plays the leading role in the substantive word formation. It takes place in the sphere of abstraction and includes such thematic groups as nouns-occasionalisms with the meaning of a person, with the meaning of an objectified action or feature, with the meaning of an object matter and diminutive connotation, with the meaning of an object matter and additional colloquial connotation. In the sphere of prefixation, one word-formative type is revealed: substantives with the prefix не-, which name the absence of or the opposite of what is named with the motivic word. Occasional substantives with the confix за...j(е) are formed by means of confixation. We consider the phenomenon of semantic word production in the novel and describe the models of semantic derivation in the field of occasional substantives. The analysis of the linguistic material has led to the conclusion that the word formation in Russian, including occasional word-formation, is done by analogy, based on models. Substantives-occasionalisms in the space of V. Makanin’s literary text are a clear sign of his idiostyle and an important means of expressing the writer’s worldview.

Key words: 

authorial style, occasional word-formation, occasionalism, word-formative type, expressivity.

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