Metaphorization of the semantic sphere “poetry” in David Samoilov’s poems


The article deals with the methods of metaphorizing lexical units in the poems of David Samoilov, a famous Russian poet of the late twentieth century. A linguistic analysis reveals various types of metaphors and metaphorical constructions important to the creation of D. Samoilov’s poetic texts and forming a complex fictional space of his works. We have established that certain substantive metaphors (such as “poetry is a craft”, “poetry is a real job”) are a fundamental constructive principle, on which the semantic organization of the text is based. Meanwhile, basic metaphors, expressing general language representations, receive a semantic expansion in the poem texts, acquiring special, personal meanings that objectify the semantic sphere of “poetry” conceptually significant to the author.

The lexical units involved in the process of metaphorization are semantically reinterpreted giving rise to new contextual associations that expand traditional notions of poetry as a verbal art. Semantic interactions of metaphors and other figurative-expressive means of language, such as comparisons, epithets and syntactic parallelism, leads to the development of complex poetic images and discloses the sense of the poetic text. D. Samoilov’s metaphorical constructions perform an aesthetic function and testify to the individual authorial picture of the poet's world.

Key words: 

metaphor, poetic text, semantic sphere, David Samoilov, stylistics.

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