Phonetic innovations in the Lectionary of the 14th century from the Academic Library of Kazan Federal University


The article analyzes phonetic innovations and dialect features in the Kazan Lectionary of the second half of the 14th century (Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts of the Academic Library at Kazan Federal University, No. 2072). As the main text of the manuscript was created before the beginning of the Second South Slavic Influence, it reflects typical features of the Old Russian literary language. This brings the Kazan liturgical text closer to such monuments as the Troitsky Parimejnik, created at the same time in the territory of Moscow. It is also noteworthy that the language of the Kazan aprakos is not neutral. Although it inconsistently reflects the existing phonetic dialect features, in totality they constitute a substantial amount and allow us to support earlier assumptions about the time and place of its creation. In addition, the originality of the Kazan Lectionary consists in the presence of numerous additions and renovations of the 16th century, which contain phonetic features of the South Slavic tradition. Certain forms allow us to suggest the South Slavic origin of its antigraph or protograph. In general, by analyzing the interactions of ancient and innovative forms in this text, we recreate a holistic picture of the existence and development of the phonetic system in the Old Russian language.

Key words: 

liturgical manuscripts, Lectionary, Old Russian phonetics, antigraph.

Аrticle289.98 KB