On productivity of onomatopoeic vocabulary in the French language


The article considers onomatopoeia as a linguistic phenomenon and as a means of forming new words in the French language. The author outlines the main trends of research in the field of onomatopoeia within both historical and modern approaches. The article touches upon the issue of distinguishing onomatopoeias from interjections in terms of word-formative and syntactic functions. We present and evaluate the existing classifications of onomatopoeic vocabulary, built on thematic and spelling principles.

The corpus lexicon of the French language, presented in the dictionaries of French authors, is studied using general scientific and linguistic methods. The article concludes that it is possible to classify onomatopoeic vocabulary on the basis of the productivity principle. By means of quantitative calculation of onomatopoeia productivity we clearly demonstrate the ability of onomatopoeias to form various parts of the speech in the French language. Our conclusions concerning onomatopoeic productivity are confirmed by graphs with a quantitative ratio of parts of speech with an onomatopoeic origin. We believe that it is possible to study onomatopoeic vocabulary in terms of linguistics of speech, particularly a communicative word-stock, which consists of onomatopoeic words, particles, word prosodies and phrase intonation at all its levels.

Key words: 

onomatopoeic vocabulary, classification, parts of speech, principles, French language, productivity.

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