Parable as a structural principle in V. Makanin’s novel “The Straggler”

Abstract: 

This article discusses the parable as a principle of design in V. Makanin's novel “The Straggler”. The study of this work has been undertaken due to insufficient knowledge concerning the structural originality of its plot and genre. The work reveals two trends of parable structures (“centrifugal” and “centripetal” and identifies two types of story – “the experiment story” and “the story of sacral behavior”). It also reveals the parable origin in terms of structuring the phenomenological “I”, as well as the dynamics of the self-identification process from the symbolic phase to the real one. The parable-like design determines the structural and semantic peculiarity of the novel (at the level of the plot and compositional organization, the specificity of the chronotope, the typology of the character images and the function of the semantic components in the conceptosphere (social, historical, mystical, mythological, existential), reconstructed in the research process of the work. The article focuses on the genre-composition analysis of V. Makanin's novel “The Straggler” to identify its basic content and poetic aspects. The study is based on historical-literary, socio-historical and cultural-linguistic contexts as well as on the scientific achievements of the leading experts in the theory and history of literature, taking into account the controversial concepts on the problem of literary genres (the correlation of the terms “притча (parable)”/ “притчевость (parable-like approach)”, etc.).

Key words: 

parable design, ambivalence, sacrality, symbolic self-identification, psychological model.

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