Semantic features of the verbs of interpersonal relations in I. A. Bunin's works


The article analyzes semantic features of the verbs of interpersonal relations in I. A. Bunin's works. The significance of the undertaken research consists in considering verbal forms based on the fictional material. The texts of I. A. Bunin allowed us to recreate a broad picture of relationships between people and to identify the individual-authorial features of language use. The complexity of the semantic structure enabled us to consider one and the same lexeme both as a verb of relations, a verb of an emotional state, and as a verb of speech. The interaction of lexical-semantic groups in some cases causes difficulty in determining the affiliation of a verb to the group of verbs of interpersonal relations. This article reconstructs the semantic structure of verbs, expressing interpersonal relations. Special attention is paid to the identification of semantic changes in the structure of verbal word forms. The article also reveals the features, characterizing the author's expression of interpersonal relations. Our attention is focused on the analysis of the verbs of the emotional-appraising relations presented by the verbs of other lexical-semantic groups as well as verbal-nominal combinations. In each lexical-semantic group, there are verbs with positive and negative semantics. When analyzing verbs and verbal-nominal combinations, we focus on the compatibility of these forms with different concretizers, which made it possible for us to reveal I. A. Bunin’s original idiostyle.

Key words: 

verbs of interpersonal relations, lexical-semantic group, verbs of emotional-appraising relations, verbal-nominal combination, positive semantics, negative semantics.

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