Reflecting the national character in the paroemias of the Mexican Spanish and American English languages

Abstract: 

The article investigates the originality of national characters of American and Mexican nations. The analysis of the language – proverbs in Mexican Spanish and American English, allows us to determine the unique worldview of each nation. The influence of economic, political, historical, and religious systems of each country is manifested in speech as set phrases. The purpose of our research is to compare the stereotypes of each nation’s behavior through proverbs and to find unique interpretations of national worldviews and national life philosophies as stable, repetitive models of behavior. We study the language not only as a tool of communication, but also as a unique cultural code of the nation. Set phrases – paroemia – illustrate the national consciousness of the people. The comparative analysis of Mexican and American proverbs demonstrates the unique national character and culture of each nation, despite their geographical proximity and economic ties. This uniqueness is affected not only by unstable philosophical elements like economy and political systems, but also by such stable and slowly changing elements like religion and national history of each country. In conclusion, the research demonstrates the necessity of studying proverbs for effective international communication and successful cooperation in the modern global world.

Key words: 

paroemia, stereotypical figures of speech, national mentality, national worldview, national character.

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