Paleographic features of the Kazan Lectionary of the fourteenth century (Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts of the Scientific Library at Kazan Federal University, No. 2072): Diacritical marks


The article describes a set of diacritical marks in the manuscripts of the Kazan Lectionary, its application and functionality. The Kazan Lectionary is the oldest manuscript of the city archives. It dates from the second half of the fourteenth century, but also contains later editing and correcting marks. The study of diacritical marks is important both for more accurate descriptions of the manuscripts and for clarifying its dating. The study shows that in general the manuscript has all the diacritical marks adopted in Slavic literature at that time, however, their use is differentiated in the main text and renovations. The article contains observations concerning the differences in the use of characters by different scribes who worked on the manuscript. Based on the data presented in the article, the date of the manuscript is specified: its main text was written before the start of the Second South Slavic Influence and is typical of the Old Russian literature of that time, additions and renovations contain the features of the Second South Slavic Influence, which are also evident at the graphical level. The diacritics of the later insertions is richer than the diacritics of the main text and follows the traditions of the South Slavic manuscripts, the majority of superscript characters are nettunes, but the marks of acute and gravis accents reflect mainly accentological features of the language and represent the beginning of a consequent accentological marking of Old-Russian writing that will become obligatory since the 16th century.

Key words: 

paleography, diacritics, accentology, Second South Slavic Influence, lectionary.

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