General and specific features in Avar, Russian and English proverbs about the omnipotence of love: Linguoculturological aspect

Abstract: 

The article analyzes the linguistic and cultural bases of mentality in paremiology of languages belonging to different systems: Avar – one of Daghestan languages, Russian and English. Among these bases are the characteristics, forming the paremiological image of love as an omnipotent phenomenon. Detailed research into paroemia with the concept “love”, particularly its aspect “omnipotence”, makes it possible to reveal considerable coincidences in the semantics of these paroemias.

Paroemias with equivalent cognitive structures can differ in linguistic representations of their inner form and indicate differences in emotional and evaluative attitudes. For instance, while associations of love with heart and sweetness are more typical of the Avar paremiological world view, in the Russian and English paremiological world views love is more often associated with a person.

The article shows that the objectivation means, used to reveal the omnipotence of love, can differ in each language. Synesthetical metaphors, based on intersense transfers, are the means, which help to express emotional attitudes of the ethnos. The characteristic features of demonstrating love by native speakers can be defined depending on the predominating kinds of synesthetical metaphors (anthropological, biomorphic, local, etc.).

The analysis also concludes that synesthetical metaphors and lexemes expressing love play an important role in the formation of the sense code. For each ethnos the sense code includes the combination of images, feelings, and metaphorical representations of love. It can be verbally represented by the components of other cultural codes. Compared metaphors and components of sense code reflect both universal features and national specific features and cultural mentality, fixed in the language of ethnoses.

Key words: 

paroemia, paremiological world view, cultural code, metaphor, concept, sense code.

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