Postcolonial discourse and posttraumatic syndrome: “Sensory pain” and “suffering pain”

Abstract: 

The expression “postcolonial discourse”, which has become a symbol, contains less obvious and hidden psychological and mythological components in its structure along with explicit ones. If we compare the expressions “colonial discourse” and “postcolonial discourse”, then a linguistically obvious discursive parallel will be foisted on us: “modern” and “postmodern.” The parallel indicates a two-stage structure of the expression, in which one step not only duplicates the other, but also precedes it in time and disappears beneath it. The fact that will break through like pain and be expressed as a cry in the “colonial discourse”, will remain an experience and will be expressed through the discourse of pain in the postcolonial one. The studies of these problems were initiated in the philosophy of L. Wittgenstein, in deep psychology and hypnotherapy. To fix and analyze such structures one resorts to the mythologems of “a double” and “twins”. In the internal relation to each other, duplicating structures act as “twins”, taken together they form the figure of a double. In the article, the authors investigate the graphemes and mythologems of Janus and Gemini, forming a two-stage model of perception and experience. The “post-traumatic syndrome” appears in this sense as an experience of suffering from previously experienced pain. The postcolonial discourse, in the direct meaning of the word, implies a colonial trauma. E. Said develops this discourse in space in the sense of “orientalism”. The “postcolonial trauma” initiates regression into the past. The “post-traumatic discourse” in literature makes it possible to regress to a traumatic experience in history. This is what Freud and his followers called “abreaction”, which eliminates inadequate reactions by representing the moment of catharsis.

Key words: 

postcolonial discourse, experience, deep psychology, twins, mythologems of Janus, Ludwig Wittgenstein.

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