Etymological analysis of the group of native phraseological units with the component - person’s designation by profession in the English and Russian languages

Abstract: 

The article studies the etymology of native phraseological units with the component – person’s designation by profession, connected with the culture-bound items and events in the history of English and Russian language bearers. The main purpose of the investigation is to reveal general and specific features of phraseological units from the group under study in terms of their origin in the comparative aspect. An overview of works devoted to the determination of native and borrowed phraseological units is presented at the beginning of the article. Special attention is paid to the presentation of etymological data in dictionaries including historical-etymological ones. We also examine phraseological units, which owe their appearance in the language to some definite culture-bound items and events in the historical development of the peoples – the English and Russian language bearers, by using actual material from the dictionaries. We analyzed English and Russian phraseological units, which have emerged in the languages being compared during a rather long period of time (beginning from the sixteenth century up to the present time). All the facts are valid and are taken from authoritative dictionaries. As a result of the conducted research, we revealed both general and specific features of the appearance of the phraseological units under investigation in the languages being compared.

Key words: 

phraseological unit, etymology, culture-bound items, native phraseological units, borrowed phraseological units.

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