The concept of “stupidity” in Russian and English linguocultures

Abstract: 

The article analyzes the concept “stupidity” as one of the aspects of the Russian and English worldview and identifies the group of lexemes, representing the concept in the Russian and English languages. The analysis of specific characteristics of the concept semantics is based on the Russian and English dictionary material. The article studies distinctive features of “stupidity” in the perception of Russian and English language speakers and defines invariable elements of the concept; they are: a motive, subject, action, evaluation and result of an act. By using the National corpus of the Russian language and the British national corpus we reveal how these elements are actualized in Russian and English speech. The study of the features, characterizing speech representations of the concept “stupidity” in Russian and English, substantiates our conclusion, based on the lexicographic analysis. The research shows that the concept “stupidity” has culture-bound and universal features in Russian and English.

Key words: 

worldview, invariable element, conceptualization, concept, act, name of act.

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