On “nontraditionality” of communicative grammar


The article deals with the specific features of a “new” communicative approach to teaching foreign language grammar. The work aims to determine the distinctive criteria of traditional and “non-traditional” approaches to teaching grammar, to find differences between the varieties of the communicative approach and to determine the place of this approach in the contemporary methodical “worldview”. The authors raise the question of the continuity of methodical traditions, tracing the origin of the communicative approach, its theoretic background and considering its involvement in the contemporary humanitarian paradigm. The article emphasizes the methodological similitude of traditional and “non-traditional” grammar, although both approaches contrast each other depending on their being either onomasiologically or semasiologically oriented and their preference of the specific type of verbal activity. Further, we characterize the three species of communicative “non-traditional” grammar approaches: the functional-communicative grammar of G. A. Zolotova, the theory of functional grammar worked out by A. V. Bondarko and the applied theory of functional syntax of M. V. Vsevolodova. The article also highlights that all the above mentioned species of communicative grammar are discourse- and text-oriented. On the basis of this brief overview of various grammar tasks in the contemporary textbooks on Russian as a foreign language, we conclude that it is the functional-communicative grammar that builds the core of the contemporary linguodidactic model of teaching Russian as a foreign language.

Key words: 

teaching methods, Russian as a foreign language, functional-communicative grammar, theory of functional grammar, functional-communicative syntax.

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