The concept of aggression in living systems and frames of society


The article presents a critical review of the most well-known philosophical and psychological approaches to the study of the concept aggression in living systems and in frames of society with the aim to suggest its new comprehension and interpretation. It is shown that the majority of researches analyze aggression in terms of moral and ethical dichotomy of 'good and evil' and see it as a negative phenomenon. This point of view limits the possibilities of comprehending aggression, its role in the life of different communities and ways of its regulation. The approach is based upon the principles of phenomenology, polysemy and hermeneutics and represents aggression as a holistic phenomenon which has a processual and dynamic character. The authors of the article define aggression as an action directed at the other one (at the environment), emphasizing a more comprehensive understanding of the notion. Attempts are made to analyze the stages of aggression from the incipient intention to the assimilation of new experience. The merit of the article lies in the definition of aggression given by the authors and the research into the content of the stages of aggression in their positive and negative context.

Key words: 

aggression, action, phases (stages) of aggression, phenomenology, polysemy, hermeneutics.

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