Circumfixes with the initial без- in Russian, Polish and Lithuanian

Abstract: 

The article describes complex two-element morphemes with the initial element без- in kindred languages. The author defines the singularities of such structures in every language, the features of their semantic and word-formation properties, as well as the reasons for certain mismatches. Special attention is paid to Lithuanian adjectives preserving the oldest features of such words.

Key words: 

circumfix, zero affixes, adjectival synonymy, interlanguage correspondencies.

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