Regional conflicts as the source of replenishing the political corpus of lexical units belonging to typologically unrelated languages


This article discusses the functioning of lexical units and expressions, which reflect the nomination of regional-based political conflicts and political realities in international and areal languages. It studies the nomination of conflicts and political realities in the French, Tatar, and Mari languages. With respect to linguistic means, the nomination of conflicts is expressed by nominal groups. The nomination of political realities is realized basing on the thematic classification of lexical units which are at the core of the political vocabulary. The most represented lexical-semantic groups, expressing the concepts of "power" and "politics", are: state / country; state system; state structures, services, institutions; parties / political movements, law enforcement agencies; heads of the state and government structures, members of political movements.

Key words: 

political vocabulary, nomination of conflicts, language acceptor, media, political realities, lexical-semantic groups, differently structured languages.

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