LEARNING MODERN LITERARY TATAR AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT UNIVERSITIES IN GERMANY

Abstract: 

In German universities, there has been a long tradition of studying the modern Tatar literary language. The purpose of the article is to show the development of the tradition from the late 19th century to the present day, beginning with the works of the Hungarian orientalist Arminius Vámbéry (1832–1913). In the 1920s, Gotthold Weil (1882–1960) published his investigations based on a collection of audio recordings, made of POWs during World War I, thus making original folk material available to learners. Nevertheless, Europeans, willing to learn Tatar, were not satisfied with the state of things, as only in the second half of the 20th century textbooks, grammars and investigations on Tatar were published in Western European languages, i.e., German and English. Today, Tatar is taught at some German universities, mainly as one of the Turkic languages in degree programs in Turkology.

Key words: 

Tatar language, study, Germany, higher education.

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